Domestic Violence and Obesity in Egyptian Women
Li Li, Emory University
Domestic violence and malnutrition are global public-health problems. We explore the associations of prior exposures to domestic violence and the odds of being obese among 4,928 ever-married, non-pregnant women 15 – 49 years who participated in the 2005 Egypt Demographic and Health Survey. Women's mean body-mass-index (BMI) was 30.0 kg/m2, and more than three quarters of the women were overweight (35%) or obese (44%). More than one third (34%) had reported exposure to psychological, physical, or sexual domestic violence. The adjusted odds of being obese were marginally higher among women with prior exposure to sexual violence (aOR=1.32). A significant dose-response relationship remained between the adjusted odds of obesity and the number of forms of physical or sexual domestic violence experienced (aOR=1.00 for none, 1.03 for one, 1.19 for two, and 1.33 for three or more forms). Overnutrition among women in poorer settings may partly result from persistent gender inequality.
Presented in Poster Session 2